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五軸加工有哪幾種?

來源:http://spetsnazbg.com 時間:2020-03-06 

  1)立式加工
  1) Vertical machining center
  立式加工是指用于立式加工的主軸。其結構形式是固定的列,工作臺是矩形的,沒有分度功能,適合處理盤,封面,董事會的部分,一般有兩個直線運動坐標軸,并可以安裝一個沿水平軸轉盤工作表,以螺旋線的一部分過程。
  Vertical machining center refers to the spindle used for vertical machining center. Its structure is a fixed column, the table is rectangular, no indexing function, suitable for processing disk, cover, board of directors. Generally, it has two straight-line motion coordinate axes, and can install a rotary table along the horizontal axis to spiral a part of the process.
  立式加工安裝方便,操作方便,加工觀察方便,程序調試方便,應用廣泛。但由于立柱高度和換刀裝置的限制,過高的零件無法加工。模具型腔或凹面加工時,切屑不易排出,刀具損壞嚴重,加工表面受損,影響加工的順利進行。
  The vertical machining center is easy to install, operate, observe, debug and apply. However, due to the limitation of column height and tool changing device, high parts can not be processed. When the mold cavity or concave is processed, the chip is not easy to be discharged, the cutter is damaged seriously, and the machining surface is damaged, which affects the smooth processing.
  2)臥式加工
  2) Horizontal machining center
  臥式加工是指主軸處于水平狀態的加工。臥式加工通常是自動索引轉盤,一般有三到五坐標運動,常見的是三個線性運動坐標和坐標旋轉運動,工件卡,除了安裝完成后,剩下的四個表面的頂面處理,它更適合于增加身體部位。與立式加工相比,臥式加工具有易去屑、加工優點,但結構復雜。價格更高。
  Horizontal machining center refers to the machining center with the spindle in horizontal state. The horizontal machining center is usually an automatic index turntable, which generally has three to five coordinate movements. The common ones are three linear movement coordinates and coordinate rotation movements. The workpiece card, except for the top surface treatment of the remaining four surfaces after the installation, is most suitable for adding body parts. Compared with the vertical machining center, the horizontal machining center has the advantages of easy chip removal and machining, but its structure is complex. The price is higher.
  3)龍門加工
  3) Gantry machining center
  龍門加工的外形與數控龍門銑床相似。龍門加工主軸主要是垂直設置,除了自動改變設備的工具,但也與主軸頭的更換配件,數控設備功能也相對完整,可以多用途的機器,特別適用于加工大型工件和復雜形狀的工件
  The shape of gantry machining center is similar to that of CNC gantry milling machine. The spindle of gantry machining center is mainly set vertically. In addition to automatically changing the tools of the equipment, it also changes the accessories with the spindle head. The function of the numerical control equipment is relatively complete. It can be used for multi-purpose machines, especially for processing large workpieces and workpieces with complex shapes
濟南木工加工
  4)五軸加工
  4) Five axis machining center
  五軸加工具有立式加工和臥式加工的功能。五軸加工,工件完成后可以安裝在其他五軸加工的安裝面。常用的五軸加工有兩種形式:一是主軸可旋轉900度。對工件進行垂直和水平加工;另一種是主軸不改變方向,而是由工作臺帶動工件轉動900度。完成工件五面加工。
  Five axis machining center has the functions of vertical machining center and horizontal machining center. Five axis machining center, the workpiece can be installed on other five axis machining mounting surface after completion. The commonly used five axis machining center has two forms: one is that the spindle can rotate 900 degrees. The other is that the spindle does not change the direction, but the worktable drives the workpiece to rotate 900 degrees. Finish five side machining of workpiece.
  5)多軸加工
  5) Multi axis machining center
  多軸加工改變了傳統機床的結構,通過連桿的運動實現多自由度主軸的運動,完成了對復雜工件表面的加工。
  The multi axis machining center changes the structure of traditional machine tool, realizes the movement of multi DOF spindle through the movement of connecting rod, and completes the machining of complex workpiece surface.
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